Noah’s Ark was established by Christian businessman, Samuel Masih, who observed how middlemen demanded fees, leaving metalworkers with very little pay. Although he knew nothing of the Fair Trade movement, he set out to ensure better wages for the impoverished artisans. Forty artisan groups representing 300 full-time artisans now work with Noah's Ark creating metal and wood crafts, cutlery, handmade paper, bone and horn items, jewellery and textiles. Noah’s Handicrafts and Welfare Society provides free nutrition, medical services and basic education for artisans and their families. In addition, Noah's Ark's artisans are trained to better manage product development, and raw materials are supplied to family units who are then paid a piece rate for each finished product. As businesses become more self-sufficient, Noah’s Ark takes on new families. Since their inception, about 20 workshops have become independent. Recently, the organization has also established three schools for artisans' children who might otherwise have little opportunity for education.